VALIANT Trial (2003): Valsartan, Captopril, or Both in Myocardial Infarction

VALIANT Trial Summary: Pfeffer et al. randomized 14,703 patients with acute MI within prior 10 days complicated by HF and/or LVEF ≤35% to either valsartan or captopril or combination of both. The objective was to assess the efficacy of ARBs compared with ACE-I in patients in the post-MI period complicated by HF and/or LV systolic dysfunction…

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Project CLEAR Trial (2019): Decolonization to Reduce Postdischarge Infection Risk among MRSA Carriers

Project CLEAR trial summary: Huang et al. randomized 2,141 patients colonized with MRSA to hygiene education or hygiene education + decontamination. Decolonization involved chlorhexidine mouthwash, baths or showers with chlorhexidine, and nasal mupirocin for 5 days twice per month for 6 months. The primary objective was to assess the efficacy of postdischarge hygiene education, as..

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PLACIDE Trial (2013): Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria in preventing antibiotic-associated and C.diff diarrhea

PLACIDE trial summary: Allen SJ et al. conducted a multicenter, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the efficacy of probiotics in preventing antiobiotics associated (AAD) or C.diff associated diarrhea (CDAD) in elderly hospitalized patients. Over 2,941 elderly patients with age >65 and exposure to antibiotics were enrolled and randomized to either a probiotic therapy or placebo therapy. The primary outcome..

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PANSAID Trial (2019): Paracetamol and Ibuprofen on Morphine Consumption in the Total Hip Arthroplasty

PANSAID Trial Summary: Hojgaard et al. randomized 556 patients who were scheduled to undergo total hip arthroplasty to pain control with a combination of paracetamol + ibuprofen or any one of them with placebo. The primary objective was to assess if post-op morphine requirement decreases with the use of adjunctive pain medications. The results showed significant decrease in morphine requirement when paracetamol..

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COMMANDER HF Trial (2018): Rivaroxaban in Patients with Heart Failure, Sinus Rhythm, and Coronary Disease

COMMANDER HF Trial Summary: Zannand F et al. randomized 5,022 patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure to undergo treatment with either rivaroxaban or a placebo. The primary objective of the study was to assess if rivaroxaban could reduce thrombin production and improve outcomes in patients with CAD and HF. The results showed that rivaroxaban..

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