AF-CHF Trial Summary: Roy D et al. randomized 1,376 patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and HFrEF (LVEF ≤35% and NYHA II-IV symptoms) were randomized to rhythm control (pharmacologic or electrical approach) or rate control (target <80 bpm at rest). The objective was to assess if rhythm-control reduce CV mortality in patients with AF and HFrEF as compared to rate control. The results showed no difference in terms of CV mortality in both groups. (P=0.59) The authors of the AF CHF trial concluded that among patients with AF and HFrEF, rhythm-control did not reduce cardiovascular mortality but did reduce AF related hospitalizations, as compared to rate control.